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- Forum | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Για να δείτε πώς λειτουργεί, μεταβείτε στη ζωντανή τοποθεσία σας. Κατηγορίες Όλες οι αναρτήσεις Οι αναρτήσεις μου Forum Welcome! Have a look around and join the discussions. Δημιουργία νέας ανάρτησης General Discussion Ακολουθήστε Προβολές Αναρτήσεις 177 Share stories, ideas, pictures and more! Questions & Answers Ακολουθήστε Προβολές Αναρτήσεις 0 Get answers and share knowledge. Νέες αναρτήσεις 1h Dbol t nation, zphc anavar General Discussion 👉 Dbol t nation, zphc anavar - Buy anabolic steroids online Dbol t nation D-Bal is thought for highly powerful nitrogen retention that creates an closing anabolic nation for high-quality muscle growthin any athlete. What are the benefits of the "Lagorn" line? The benefits of "Lagorn" come from the fact that we have the absolute best selection of high-quality creatine and protein powders available, anabolic steroids for sale bitcoin. 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Both Anavar cycles will be a 7-week cycle with minimal additional rest between the first and the second weeks. So, the differences in the two models are: 7-week cycle: The Anavar Cycle consists of Anavar cycle for beginners and Anavar cycle for intermediate competitors, the weight will vary from 140-170 in the beginning to a low of 100-120 in the Intermediate and low of 85-90 in the Beginner, ligandrol flashback. The weight will be increased after 2-3 weeks due to body growth, hgh supplement growth factor 9. It will then be adjusted so that a stronger bodybuilder can still reach a bodybuilding condition at the intermediate stage. It is advised to stay for about 6 weeks until the Anavar cycle is completed. This cycle is perfect for those that want to get their strength and body and who aren't ready to take on the challenge of bodybuilding yet, stanozolol gynecomastia. The Anavar Cycle consists of Anavar cycle for beginners and Anavar cycle for intermediate competitors, the weight will vary from 140-170 in the beginning to a low of 100-120 in the Intermediate and low of 85-90 in the Beginner. The weight will be increased after 2-3 weeks due to body growth, steroids year round cycle. Winstrol steroids is a pale yellow liquid, and it may be used alone or with other medicationsand may not cause a strong reaction. To make the skin more attractive, wash or rub your skin daily with water, or let it hang out in a clean container away from direct sunlight. Some people may want to use skin care formulations or products containing the sunscreen compound. Apply an appropriate amount to the affected area before going to bed and again during the day. If sunscreens and skin care products cause irritation, discontinue the use of those products and seek medical attention. It is possible, though not recommended, that sunscreens and topical solutions (e.g., creams, gels, powders, lotions, and emollients of any kind) can cause eye irritation. When combined with other medications, certain sunscreens and skin care products can cause drug interactions. If you have specific questions, contact your doctor or pharmacist. See your doctor for advice. What should I remember about using Retin-A and retinoic acid as creams? Always begin with a topical product and keep using it, or switch to a different product if your skin fails to recover from the first dose. For best results, follow the directions on the label. However, if your skin does not seem to show signs of irritation after you have used a product for 24 to 48 hours, go back to using the first product for 24 to 48 hours. If you have questions or have a reaction that does not get better or stop improving, talk to your doctor. Do not apply any retin-A creams if you have dark skin. If skin irritation does not return within 12 to 24 hours, consult your doctor. Apply Retin-A as directed on the label to the affected skin area after using topical products and continuing on for 24 hours. For further information, contact your doctor What is the most important information I should know about Retin-A? Do not apply Retin-A creams to the skin of children under the age of 16. If skin irritation does not return within 12 to 24 hours, consult your doctor. Use Retin-A as directed on the label. Keep away from direct sunlight. Use it with other medications, sunscreen, and skin care products that are also used for acne prevention, as well as over-the-counter sunscreens and sunscreens containing zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, or zinc sulfate. (Do not use Retin-A on the skin of Similar articles: https://www.breakingxbread.com/forum/fashion-forum/d-bal-dianabol-side-effects-d-bal-before-and-after https://www.carboncoreclothing.com/forum/fashion-forum/bulking-getting-a-belly-how-to-bulk-up-and-lose-stomach-fat https://es.drchealth.org/forum/welcome-to-the-forum/sustanon-250-dopo-quanto-fa-effetto-what-does-sarm-mean https://www.isyslimited.com/forum/general-discussions/trenbolone-8-week-cycle-test-prop-tren-ace-bulking-cycle 0 Σχόλια 0 0 3h Trenbolone opinie, trenbolone enanthate opinie General Discussion 👉 Trenbolone opinie, trenbolone enanthate opinie - Buy legal anabolic steroids Trenbolone opinie Trenbolone (Injectable) Trenbolone is arguably the most powerful steroid available to bodybuilders, causing rapid changes in body composition that take place within the first week of use. Most users will be seen with their abs in an extreme way for the first few days of use. This can result in extremely noticeable muscle loss over the course of two weeks of use, ligandrol pros and cons. However, this rapid growth and rapid loss of mass occurs over a short time-frame. However these rapid changes become permanent, steroids uk oral. Trenbolone should not be combined with other steroids as it is a highly steroid/compound, so it can be dangerous to take these with other drugs such as Anavar or other steroids, deca durabolin meditech. Once Trenbolone has started taking effect, it's likely you'll notice the following effects for the first several days: Muscle Loss (in most cases, this is due to muscle wasting) Fatigue (for most athletes, this will include severe fatigue, and it's likely that you'll get pretty much every imaginable symptom of an overstressed or tired adrenal system over the course of a few days) Fluid Changes (especially with Anavar users, when we've seen this effect on the bodybuilders as well) Athletes will notice an increase in pain and tiredness Muscle Tendon and Bone Loss The following changes with the body are often seen in the first weeks of use: Muscle tissue thinning, especially over the arms and legs Bone thinning Fractures are common among Trenbolone users When to Use Other Steroids Many bodybuilders feel that Anavar and other anabolic androgenic steroids are better off as separate substances than as parts of a steroid stack. However most use both the anabolic androgenic steroids for their gains when they want to, as one is often an option that works for each bodybuilder in particular, trenbolone opinie. In particular with Anavar, there is a great deal of variety and versatility in many steroid stacks, so it is important to be aware of when it's appropriate to use certain steroids for a particular body part. Stacks that use Anavar, in particular: Stacks that use Anavar together with other steroids: Stacks that use Anavar together with other steroids which have a strong anabolic effect: Conclusion As with anything with as many as possible to choose from, choosing a steroid isn't as easy as it may seem. Trenbolone enanthate opinie Trenbolone acetate vs Trenbolone Enanthate would be the same thing as comparing testosterone prop (a short ester) to testosterone enanthate (a longer acting ester)on acne. Both would have a similar effect on skin (not only testosterone prop, but also Trenbolone Enanthate). In the real world, Trenbolone Enanthate does not have nearly the same potency on acne as it does on testosterone prop (at least not within the US), enanthate trenbolone opinie. Now let's discuss how a Trenbolone Enanthate would affect skin, best steroid cycle for beginners 2022. Remember, the Trenbolone Enanthate would not be absorbed through your skin and thus would not have as similar an effect on acne as it does on testosterone pro, uk injectable steroids. Now imagine that I am using a Trenbolone Enanthate in my testosterone prop formulation. I would then be assuming that my Trenbolone Enanthate would not affect how much testosterone prop I was producing. By definition, Trenbolone Enanthate does not interfere with that production, anabol for you. It has no effect on the production of any of that substance, dexamethasone injection steroid. It does not alter the pH of it in any way. No, if you want to make any claim about how much Trenbolone Enanthate you could possibly be producing, it is already very clear that Trenbolone Enanthate just doesn't have much of a significant enough effect to influence acne, steroid drugs definition. To further reinforce whether your Trenbolone Enanthate would have an influence on your acne when you are taking a Trenbolone Enanthate, consider what might happen if I started with my Trenbolone Enanthate on the low end of the dose range that I was given my Trenbolone Enanthate. What if I started with my Trenbolone Enanthate at the highest dose, trenbolone enanthate opinie. What if I were actually taking my Trenbolone Enanthate on the low end of the dose range and was only given a very small amount to start with. What if I was simply starting off at a very small Trenbolone Enanthate dose and not changing it until the point at which I felt my acne was really bothering me? What if I started at a very high dose and then started off at very small doses and then continued at very large doses while tweaking the dose with my skin, turinabol vs dianabol? If this were to happen, would I actually feel my acne was worse or not and if so, if would it be the cause of that difference, best steroid cycle for beginners 2022? Say goodbye to use of dangerous anabolic steroids and say hello to the new legal natural steroids that mimic the effects of the steroids minus the side effects. There are now a number of these natural synthetic steroids now on the market. With a number of companies making these synthetic steroids in varying amounts, the best way to identify the difference between the natural and artificial versions is to look for differences in the amount that is in the mix. There has been a lot of research published which shows that those who begin taking synthetic steroids as prescribed by their doctors will often experience side effects similar to those that have been listed as side effects of steroids that had been prescribed to them. These side effects include: Cognitive dysfunction (memory loss, confusion, depression, confusion) Diabetes mellitus Depression Anxiety/anxiety disorders Athletes who take synthetic steroids often begin to experience side effects that are consistent with the types of side effects that have come up at the onset of steroid use and have been reported by the medical community as side effects associated with long-term use of steroids. They sometimes are called "acute" side effects and they can arise without warning of that fact. As with all side effects, there is a range of these adverse reactions that can be experienced that may include, but are not limited to: Increased heart rate and blood pressure Chest pain Anxiety Headache/stiffness Muscle pain Fatigue Muscle pain and cramping Blurred vision Nausea Stomach cramps Lethargy Mood disturbances Nasal congestion Vomiting Muscle twitches Stomach pain Heart palpitations Rash Skin rash or boils A serious side effect that can be experienced in those who start taking synthetic steroids is a rise in blood pressure in the same vein as the rise that has been reported with natural steroids. That is also a fairly common side effect of many steroid drugs, though it is rare in the context of taking synthetic steroids because natural steroids do not rise as rapidly as synthetic ones and the effects of synthetic steroids will begin to wear off as quickly as with natural steroids. 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You can also use Trenorol 3 times per week and lose up to 200 calories per day. Use a Trenorol Burn Diet until you do not see any negative side effects or have a burning fat problem, testo max vs nugenix. If you still have keto, you can also use Trenorol with your normal diet and increase your protein intake. Using Trenorol on a ketogenic diet without a ketogenic diet will increase the number of carbs in your diet. If you want to use Trenorol with Trenorol Burn, then you must take Trenorol with your normal diet, increasing your carbs. If you are on a diet where your carbs are very high, then you will still have to add Clenbutrol to keep your muscle from becoming glycogen debt ridden. If you want to save on carbs, then you can use the Trenorol Burn Diet as you are still consuming carbs with your normal diet, rather than being using carbs that can increase your body fat stores, somatropin overdose. How to Use Trenorol for Weight Loss Trenorol price TRENOROL (TRENBOLONE) TRENOROL is a Premium anabolic formula that launches substantial quantities of cost-free testosterone and increases nitrogen loyalty for major gains in muscle mass. Transepithelial NO synthase inhibitor (NOSA2) androgen receptor modulator (AR), both highly active in the growth-hormone pathway, enhance the actions of these steroids. These features of TRENOROL, especially in combination with the more potent androgen receptor substrate AR, make TRENOROL suitable as an effective addition to a high-intensity workout regimen for the long-term, stanozolol nedir ne işe yarar. TRENOROL is well-tolerated by most individuals and is widely available in combination products, illegal clenbuterol for sale. It is also available in the form of capsule or liquid preparations, trenorol price. 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- Landscape | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Landscape Photography Choosing lenses for landscape photography is the same as having numerous paintbrushes for a painter. Lenses allow photographers to transform how a location or subject is portrayed. Depending on the lens you can have, wide-angle views, tight close-ups, the capacity to isolate subjects, and the option to keep everything in a scene in or out of focus. Particularly regarding landscape photography, lenses are one of the few means with which you can really impart personal vision into an image. Apart from lens choice affecting how you portray a setting in nature, landscape photographers also should be concerned with the practicality of such lenses they choose to work with. Remember, less is more, carrying a large selection of lenses for landscape photography is counterproductive and apart from the weight factors having too many lenses can waste time and confuse people. I carry four: Prime 25mm f1.7 lens Zoom 12-60mm f3.5-5.6 Prime 45mm f2.8 Zoom 45-200 f4.0-5.6 (rarely used, mainly to focus on a topic when I cannot get close enough) Zoom lenses are great for difficult topics, like a tree in a lake when you cannot get close enough, but prime lenses make you move about the landscape to compose a subject. Prime lenses make you think more, move in, move out, or perhaps change an angle. Focal length When considering a lens for landscape photography, the most common advice often suggests buying a wide-angle lens. Wide-angle lenses are suitable for landscape photography because of their extensive field of view and far-seeing depth of field, both desirable attributes for landscape photography. Wide-angle lenses allow you to fit an entire mountain in the background, or lake in the foreground of the frame, they can also be used to show a great deal of land, sea, sky, or forest. The extra depth of field they provide helps to ensure consistent sharp focus from foreground to background, which can be beneficial when photographing large expanses. Considering wide-angle lenses are the alleged standard for landscape applications, this must not deter a photographer from considering a normal (50mm, similar to human depth-of-field) or telephoto focal length for photographing landscapes. Occasionally, using a telephoto lens can provide a little extra reach for visual compression, thereby, creating interest in an image. Zoom or prime? The debate between zoom and prime lenses will continue, and the discussion is particularly ironic in the sphere of landscape photography. The merit of zoom is the ability to zoom into a landscape or topic when restricted to a specific location. Conversely, zooms can increase complacency or laziness when photographing an area, whereas prime lenses will force a motivated photographer to hike more, move about the area, searching for a more rewarding viewpoint to photograph the landscape. The image-quality differences between zoom and prime lenses are debatable, there are many high-quality zooms (at a cost), and there are high-quality prime lenses. Many wider focal length lenses are available in zoom format, like my zoom 12-60mm f3.5-5.6. It gives a little leeway in the composition, but it does not mean I will not walk about first to find the optimal spot for composition. It just helps to emphasize the tree in the lake, or a boulder with the evening glow of a sunset, rather than having it off in the distance. Of course, you will need a sturdy tripod, perhaps filters, or reflectors, so, their weight should be considered. I use a Bergan that carries two camera bodies, four lenses, an external monitor, filters, spare batteries, a large steady tripod, and an extra-long quick-release rail plate with spirit levels. Deciding between zoom or prime lenses depends on your own needs, such as the distance or access to walk around a subject, how much weight, how many lenses to be carried, and personal preference for focal length. Links: Long exposure landscape photography
- Care of Paint Brushes | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Care of Paint Brushes Paint Brush Care Always dampen brushes BEFORE use unless they are specified dry brushes. If you load a dry brush with wet colour, the colour begins to dry in the centre of the bristles down close to the ferrule. Dampening the bristles reduces paintability to dry in the centre. But do not just dip the brush into the water and then go into the colour, the moisture needs to be worked into the hair/bristles of the brush. Working the brush on the palm of your hand and forcing the moisture into the bristles helps, it also transfers some of the oil from your hand and helps to condition the brush. Following that, dab the brush on a towel to remove excess moisture before dipping into the colour. Never place brushes loaded with paint aside and allow them to dry in the hair/bristles. It is better to wash the brush immediately when done using them, even if the brush is only going to be inactive for a few minutes. When rinsing brushes, it is not advisable to scrape the brush around the bottom of the cleaning jar/container. Firstly, paint pigment drops to the bottom of the container, secondly, doing this can damage the hair/bristles. Some cleaning containers have drainage sieves or coils at the bottom so that any brush washed is kept away from the pigment sediment at the bottom, but rigorous cleaning on these can still damage hair/bristles. Gently swish the brush back and forth in the bowl and allow it to brush against the sides or bottom. Brush basins with rounded, textured bottoms are perfect for aiding the process. It is good practice to change the water on a regular basis and to have separate containers to wash different paint types. Being mostly involved in model kit builds, and do a great amount of airbrushing, I only use De-Ionised water. I have washpot/rinse pots for: Acrylic paints an initial wash in between paint colour changes. Acrylic paints second rinse, following finishing with a particular colour, before proper cleaning and conditioning of paintbrush before putting away. Metallics. Decal brush, Washes, or Glazes. Do not leave any brush in water for extended periods because with wooden brushes the wetness can cause the handle to swell, resulting in cracking paint and unstable ends. Synthetic brush hair is glued into position, and prolonged standing in water can break down the glue making the hair loose. After rinsing, brushes do not allow them to dry with the bristles/hair face upward or flat on a rack or table, as this can damage the ferrule and can possibly soften the glue them as mentioned above. Drip drying racks are plentiful, these allow users to place brushes with their bristles/hair face facing downward, allowing the moisture to drain away. After washing the brush, check to see if any colour remains in the hair by brushing across a paper towel, do not push forward, as this will damage the bristles/hair. If the colour appears on the towel, rinse again. Cleaning materials advised are: Brush Paint Cleaner or Purger Brush Conditioning Soap Brush Conditioner Gel When storing natural haired brushes for long periods use a brush conditioner soap to thoroughly clean them. Brush Conditioning Soap or Gel can also be used to reshape the bristles/hair and stored in this way. With Brush Conditioning Soap, moisten the dip the bristles/hair and gently work the bristles/hair into the soap, rinse and when no further paint pigment is visible in the Conditioning Soap, either twist into its original shape or use a Conditioning gel to do the same. When storing brushes do not store them in confined containers where the hairs can get pushed out of shape or break.
- Airbrushing | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Airbrushing If you are committed airbrushing will give you more options. Airbrush - there are many airbrush variants and many manufacturers, it is often personal preference. Double or dual-action airbrushes are considered more flexible than single-action airbrushes because they allow users to modify paint volume accordingly. This is more beneficial when building scale models. However, this does not imply that the single-action brush cannot be used for painting models. Some users prefer single action because they are easy to use and handle. There are a number of types available: Single action - Press down the trigger controls airflow, basically, it is an on-off device, so do not try to control the airflow or pressure. That is done using the regulator on the compressor. Twisting the knob at the rear of the airbrush counter clockwise starts and increases paint flow until the knob is twisted completely out. Advantages: The separate air and paint controls make single-action airbrushes easier to use than double-action airbrushes. Allowing users to concentrate on moving their hand instead of concentrating on how far back the finger moves. Provides repeatable actions as everything is pre-set. Keeping air pressure and paint flow steady. Double action - Press down on the trigger for air release - pressing down further release more air. Pull back on the trigger for paint release - pulling back further will discharge more paint. Dual-action, sometimes referred to as double-action, allows modellers and artists greater control. Dual-action airbrushes provide the user to produce incredibly fine lines and provide greater control of fading and blending for more detailed work. Good dual-action airbrushes are more expensive than single-action airbrushes because of the greater accuracy. Dual-action airbrushes also have a steeper learning curve than single-action airbrushes, so can take longer to develop full control and a disciplined technique. Trigger or Pistol grip style airbrushes are one of the most useful types of airbrushes available, but they are not so popular amongst the average modeller. There are plenty of trigger or pistol grip airbrushes on the market today, like the: Grex TS. Iwata - TRN1, TRN2, Neo TRN, HP-TR1, HP-TR2, HP-TH, HP-TH2. Sparmax – GP-35, GP-50, GP-70 and GP850. Harder & Steenbeck – Colani. Mr Procon Boy - PS-275, PS-290. Zoukei - Mura PM-C. PointZero. Despite the number of Trigger or Pistol grip style airbrushes available the interest in this specific style of airbrush is minimal. Some manufacturers denote the ‘T/TR’ as ‘Trigger’ other ‘P/PS’ as ‘Pistol’. The benefit of these types of airbrush is being a dual-action airbrush, it works somewhat like a single-action one. Pulling the trigger automatically mixes the air and paint, the more you pull the trigger the richer your mix becomes. Advantages Variations in finger or hand motions benefit people who do not have the dexterity to use a normal trigger. The trigger mechanism stays cleaner for a longer period. Tighter tolerances are obtainable. Disadvantage Trigger mechanism is more problematic to maintain. Sparmax GP-50 Grex Tritium TG Iwata TR1 Gravity-feed - Gravity-feed airbrushes have a paint cup at the top of the airbrush where the paint is poured. With the aid of a compressor, gravity pulls small amounts of paint into the mixing chamber where atomization occurs. Side-feed - Side feed airbrushes are in-between, with the aid of a compressor, they can use a side gravity cup or side siphon-feed bottle. Most side-feed airbrush sets include a cup and bottles. Siphon-fed - Siphon-fed airbrushes feature a bottle or cup connected to the bottom of the airbrush with a tube running through. With the aid of a compressor, the air is drawn into the top of the tube causing the paint to be ‘siphoned’ into the mixing chamber where atomization occurs. I have separate airbrushes for different tasks I do not like mixing airbrushes with different types of paint, primers, or varnishes and each of my airbrushes is labelled for a specific task. Examining the list below, yes, I have a lot of airbrushes, but these were purchased over many tears to see if one airbrush is better than the other, like many of my pieces of equipment. And, yes, there is a great disparity between airbrush manufacturers and models of airbrushes. Often it is personal preference what airbrush you use, an airbrush recommended by one person may not be suitable for you. Airbrush parts vary greatly in quality. I have two cheap-no-name airbrushes that I have been using for many years that provide extremely good results and three expensive ones that I do not like. I have found that the two most important features when considering an airbrush are the quality of the tip and the needle. I have found that many expensive airbrushes have poor quality needles and when examining a tip under a microscope have found that the quality is not as good as one might expect. Airbrush tips also vary greatly and I have had two tips from €250 airbrushes with damaged tips and a number high end needles not Unlike the expensive airbrushes where replacement parts are easily accessible, cheap airbrushes replacement parts are almost non-existent, so over the years I have learned to interchange parts and modify the cheap models with great results. All my airbrushes are thoroughly cleaned and lubricated after use; I do not leave dirty airbrushes on my workbench. If you spend money buying a good product, it should be looked after. I use - Harder & Steenbeck 2 x infinity CRplus – one with a 0.15 mm needle, and the second with a 0.2 mm needle used for fine detail work, used for acrylic paint. 1 x Evolution ALplus with 0.2 mm needle used for fine detail work, used with enamels and lacquer paint. 3 x Evolution CRplus with 0.15 mm, 0.2 mm, and 0.4 mm needles used with enamels and lacquer paint. 2 x Evolution Solo with 0.2 mm, and 0.4 mm needles, used for acrylic paint. Sparmax GP-50 – 1 x with 0.3- and 0.4-mm needles, used for acrylic paint. Badger - 2 x Sotar 20/20 Fine 0.21 mm needle, used for acrylic paint. 1 x Patriot 105 0.33 mm needle used for acrylic paint. 1 x Patriot Extreme 105 0.33 mm needle used for acrylic paint. 2 x Renegade Velocity with a 0.21 mm needle used with enamels and lacquer paint. 1 x Renegade Rage with a 0.33 mm needle used with enamels and lacquer paint. Iwata - 2 x Hi-Line HP-BH 0.3 mm needle one used with acrylic paint, second used with enamels and lacquer paint. 1 x Custom Micron CM-B with 0.4-mm needle used with acrylic paint. 5 x Revolution Neo with various needle sizes used with acrylic paint, enamels, lacquer paint, primers, and vanishes. 1 x Neo TR1 with 0.3 mm - 0.4-mm needles used enamels and lacquer paint. 1 X Neo TR2 with 0.3 mm - 0.4-mm needles used with acrylic paint. MIG Ammo - Aircobra with 0.3 mm needle used with acrylic paint. Grex TS - 0.2 mm, and 0.4 mm needles used with acrylic paint. Mr. Procon Boy PS-290 - with 0.5 mm needle used with acrylic paint. Zoukei - Mura PM-C with 0.3 mm needle used with acrylic paint. PointZero – with 0.35 mm needle used with acrylic paint. 8 x Cheap, no name - airbrushes used mainly for primers and varnishes. I do not have or have never used either of - Paasche AK Interactive Harder & Steenbeck iwata TR2 Harder & Steenbeck Airbrush Nozzle Wagner Portable Paint Booth Portable Spray Booth Spraybooth - Airbrush spray booths help remove unpleasant odours and noxious fumes while airbrushing your model kits/parts. They have large fans with filters and long flexible hose pipes to help suck harmful paint particles and fumes from the booth and filter them out of your house through the window or extraction system. But I still advise wearing a respirator mask for best safety. They also protect pets or people close to the spray environment. Airbrush spray booths can also protect items kept near the spray area, reducing over-sprayed. Air compressor - a compressor specifically designed for model makers or artists is vital as the gauges are marked for the ease of lower pressures. Also, purchasing a compressor with a larger air tank will help reduce excessive noise. There is a colossal amount of no-name compressors available, but some of the best-named compressors come from: Badger Iwata Sparmax I use a Sparmax TC-620X Compressor with a 2.5 L tank that is connected to a Sparmax 5 L tank with regular and water traps. And have an older Badger Aspire Pro TC910 compressor as a backup. I have used cheap unbranded compressors, with and without air tanks and apart from the noise, they work well. But I would not recommend a compressor without an air tank as the air pressure fluctuations vary greatly. Cleaning equipment - whether you opt for a named or no-name airbrush, cleaning, and maintenance of airbrushes on a regular basis is a priority to ensure reliability. I clean my airbrush thoroughly after each spraying session, but only deep clean my airbrush when weekly. Laqauers and varnish is a different matter, I always deep clean after use because lacquer and varnish tend to stick everything together if not removed entirely. I use Dental absorbent paper points (the same dentists use to suck out moisture when doing a tooth root canal) to clean out the nozzles, these come in various sizes and fit through the smallest nozzle nicely. Each dental stick is colour coded according to size. White the smallest and black the largest in this pack. When deep cleaning I place my airbrushes in a heated ultrasonic cleaner for 10 minutes, this helps dislodge any persistent residual. I do not use chemicals in the ultrasonic cleaner to prevent damage to the 'O' rings and springs. Sparmax TC-620X Compressor Cheap No Name Compressor Airbrushes needles come in several sizes and qualities: Why have so many, and what do they do? Airbrushes are sophisticated devices used for the application of mediums onto a surface. The main element of paint atomization is an airbrush needle. An airbrush needle is responsible for the mixing of paint with air and forming a spray pattern. Because of their sharp tips, needles are the most fragile parts of airbrushes. They can be easily damaged when knocked or dropped. At best, the needle will bend, and I have lost count of how many airbrush needles I have damaged, and often you may not notice the bend in the needle until it affects the spraying results. How to choose airbrush needles There are a vast variety and quality of airbrush needles from many manufacturers. And each offers a vast number of needle sizes for all types of airbrush models. The main factor influencing needle choice is what is it intended to be used for, the type of airbrush you are using, and the size of the surface being airbrushed. So, changing an airbrush needle will determine the amount of paint or varnish sprayed onto a model. Or will it? There are other factors to consider. The nozzle, also known as the tip, and the needle size of the airbrush will determine the amount of paint that can be sprayed through it. Most airbrushes come with one nozzle and needle already fitted. When you change an airbrush needle size, the nozzle and often the needle cap will need to be changed to allow the correct working of the spray amount and pattern. Also, forcing a large needle into a smaller nozzle can damage it. Another factor is the type of paint being used. Although the likes of Vallejo, AK Interactive, MIG Ammo, Games workshop, etc provide paint ready to be airbrushed straight out of the bottle, I have found that not all paint is equal, it varies between manufacturer and even by the same manufacturer in the pigments of different colours. Many people advise, ‘thin your paint, primer or varnish’ others suggest ‘don’t bother'. Personally, I have found you can not equate a ‘do’ or do not’ paint thinning as it depends on the colour pigment or type of paint being used. And if you decide to thin, buy how much? Over-thinning can breakdown the pigments, while not or under thinning may increase the incidence of tip drying or block. How much to thin? Again, there is a wide consensus, and I have heard: Consistency of ‘single cream’ (found this method too thick) Flows like ‘ milk’ (I find this difficult to visualize) 1:1 Ratio (Does not work for thicker pigment paints) So that it runs down the airbrush cup easily without the pigments breaking up (my method, I can easily see how the paint reacts in the airbrush cup). Airbrush Parts Airbrush and spraying troubleshooting Needle Caps help protect the tip of the needle from being damaged. There are a few designs, some enclosed, and others are partly open to ease needle tip cleaning when in use. Most experienced and professional users remove the needle cap entirely to make needle cleaning easier and to get better views while spraying.
- CMD | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
CMD - Command Promt Before Windows was created, the most usual operating system that ran on computers was DOS (Disk Operating System). I can remember learning how to use DOS and still use it on a regular basis. Over time, newer versions of Windows were developed, and DOS was finally phased out with Windows ME. However, even with Windows 7, 8, 10, and 11, the CMD (Command Line) in DOS (disk operating system) system still runs in the background, and a command line or command prompt window can still be opened. It has a similar appearance to DOS and can be a useful tool when diagnosing problems. The command prompt/line is also used in Linux operating systems and many seasoned computer users use the command line as much as the graphical user interface. Whether you are using MS Windows, macOS or Linux, there is a Shell, (Shell is a computer program that presents a command-line interface that allows you to control your computer using commands entered with a keyboard instead of controlling graphical user interfaces (GUIs) with a mouse/keyboard combination), Console window or the likes lurking in the background. Windows and Linux use different commands to access and use these Shells, so if you use both you will need to learn two types of command language. Using the Command Prompt or Dos Window When people refer to the command prompt, they may refer to it in different ways. Some call it: A Shell Console Window Command Prompt Cmd Prompt Terminal Command Line DOS To find and open an MS-DOS prompt or Windows command line for the various Windows versions press the Window key and type CMD , this will highlight the Command Prompt , then click it to open the shell.
- Malta | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
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- Tomato Soup | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Tomato Soup Cooking your own tomato soup is easy and rewarding. There are many benefits from making your own tomato soup, such as, you know what ingredients have gone into it and the lack of additives, like colourants, stabilizers, and preservatives that are used in commercially produced products. This is my recipe; it makes enough for 4 large meals for two people (we freeze unused). You can vary the ingredients to vary your own needs, likes, or dislikes, so, feel free to experiment. Recipe 1000 grams of sweet tomatoes 3 x large carrots 3 x large onions 4 x sticks of celery 2 x whole garlics 6 x fresh mint leaves (or a tablespoon of dried mint) 1 Litre of vegetable stock (either you own, or I use 2 x Knorr vegetable stock pot (112g)) 2x tablespoons of Tomato Puree 20 grams Extra Virgin Olive Oil 8 grams granulated sugar 2g table salt 2g pepper
- Transistors | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Transistors Τα τρανζίστορ είναι συσκευές ημιαγωγών που χρησιμοποιούνται για εναλλαγή ηλεκτρονικών σημάτων, ενίσχυση ή ηλεκτρική ισχύ. Τα τρανζίστορ είναι θεμελιώδη στα σύγχρονα ηλεκτρονικά κυκλώματα. Ένα τρανζίστορ κατασκευάζεται κατασκευασμένο από υλικά ημιαγωγών και έχει συνήθως τρεις ακροδέκτες για σύνδεση σε εξωτερικό κύκλωμα. Μια τάση ή ρεύμα που εφαρμόζεται σε ένα ζεύγος των ακροδεκτών τρανζίστορ ελέγχει το ρεύμα μέσω ενός άλλου ζεύγους ακροδεκτών. Επειδή η ελεγχόμενη ισχύς (έξοδος) μπορεί να είναι υψηλότερη από την ισχύ ελέγχου (είσοδος), ένα τρανζίστορ μπορεί να ενισχύσει ένα σήμα. Σήμερα, ορισμένα τρανζίστορ συσκευάζονται ξεχωριστά, αλλά πολλά άλλα βρίσκονται ενσωματωμένα σε ολοκληρωμένα κυκλώματα. Σύμβολα τρανζίστορ διπολικής σύνδεσης Υπάρχουν δύο τύποι τρανζίστορ, NPN και PNP. Το τρανζίστορ NPN έχει δύο μπλοκ υλικού ημιαγωγών τύπου Ν και ένα μπλοκ υλικού ημιαγωγών τύπου Ρ. Το τρανζίστορ PNP έχει δύο υλικά τύπου P και ένα στρώμα υλικού τύπου Ν. Το σύμβολο του NPN τόσο του NPN όσο και του PNP φαίνεται στο παρακάτω σχήμα. Η διαφορά μεταξύ των τρανζίστορ NPN και PNP είναι προς την κατεύθυνση του ρεύματος. Το βέλος στο παραπάνω διάγραμμα υποδεικνύει την κατεύθυνση της ροής του τυπικού ρεύματος στον πομπό με εφαρμογή εμπρόσθιας πόλωσης στη διασταύρωση βάσης πομπού. Τα τρανζίστορ έχουν τρία τερματικά όπως φαίνεται παραπάνω: Εκπόμπος Συλλέκτης Βάση Emitter - Το τμήμα εκπομπής παρέχει μεγάλο μέρος του φορέα φόρτισης. Ο πομπός συνδέεται συνεχώς προς τα εμπρός με πόλωση σε σχέση με τη βάση, τροφοδοτεί το φορέα φορτίου χύδην στη βάση. Η διασταύρωση βάσης πομπού εισάγει μια μεγάλη ποσότητα πλειοψηφικού φορέα φόρτισης στη βάση επειδή είναι πολύ σταθερή και μέτρια σε μέγεθος. Συλλέκτης - Ο συλλέκτης συσσωρεύει το μεγαλύτερο ποσοστό του φορέα φορτίου που παρέχεται από τον εκπομπό. Η διασταύρωση συλλογής-βάσης βρίσκεται συνεχώς σε αντίστροφη προκατάληψη. Η λειτουργία του είναι να αφαιρέσει τα έξοδα υπεροχής από τη σύνδεσή του με τη βάση. Το τμήμα συλλέκτη του τρανζίστορ είναι μέτρια σταθερό αλλά μεγαλύτερο σε μάζα, ώστε να μπορεί να συλλέγει το μεγαλύτερο μέρος του φορέα φορτίου που παρέχεται από τον πομπό. Βάση - Το μεσαίο τμήμα του τρανζίστορ είναι η βάση. Η βάση σχηματίζει δύο κυκλώματα: Το κύκλωμα εισόδου με τον πομπό. Το κύκλωμα εξόδου με τον συλλέκτη. Το κύκλωμα βάσης πομπού είναι μεροληπτικό προς τα εμπρός και προσφέρει χαμηλή αντίσταση στο κύκλωμα. Ενώ η σύνδεση συλλέκτη-βάσης βρίσκεται σε αντίστροφη μεροληψία και προσφέρει υψηλότερη αντίσταση στο κύκλωμα. Η βάση του τρανζίστορ είναι ελαφρώς ανίκανη και εξαιρετικά λεπτή καθώς υποβάλλει τον φορέα φορτίου πλειοψηφίας στη βάση. Το πυρίτιο χρησιμοποιείται γενικά για την παραγωγή τρανζίστορ για την υψηλή τάση, το μεγαλύτερο ρεύμα και τη μικρότερη ευαισθησία στη θερμοκρασία. Το τμήμα εκπομπού-βάσης που διατηρείται σε μεροληψία προς τα εμπρός καθορίζει το ρεύμα βάσης που ρέει μέσω της περιοχής βάσης. Το μέγεθος του ρεύματος βάσης είναι εξαιρετικά μικρό. Το ρεύμα βάσης αναγκάζει τα ηλεκτρόνια να μετακινηθούν στην περιοχή του συλλέκτη ή να δημιουργήσουν μια οπή στην περιοχή της βάσης. Η βάση του τρανζίστορ είναι εξαιρετικά λεπτή και ελαφρώς σταθερή λόγω αυτού έχει λιγότερα ηλεκτρόνια σε σύγκριση με τον πομπό. Τα περιορισμένα ηλεκτρόνια του πομπού συνδυάζονται με την οπή της περιοχής βάσης και τα υπόλοιπα ηλεκτρόνια κινούνται προς την περιοχή του συλλέκτη και αποτελούν το ρεύμα του συλλέκτη.
- Tools | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Tools Whether they be scrap build or model kits there is a vast array of tools available to make and modify models. Before deciding what tools you need, decide what type of models you are going to build, a few are: Scale model building, plastic model kits, have a magnitude of types, such as: Model military vehicles, figures, and terrain. Model aircraft. Model cars, commercial, and construction vehicles. Model rockets. Naval, ship models. Architectural models, cardboard, or high-density foam buildings. Model figures or busts. Rail transport modelling (probably the most well-known). Gundam models. Scenery to stage models. So, model building is not exclusively a hobbyist pursuit. The complexity of assembling representations of actual objects has become a career for numerous people. Some build models to commemorate historic events or commissioned to construct models using past events as a basis to predict future events of high commercial interest, while others work for the film industry. In the 1950-60s, a relative built live steam engine models from scratch, and I can remember watching him work. The UK has an extremely high fraternity of live steam engine modellers, partly, I think to the vast community of steam engines/traction engines in the UK. There is a basic list of tools required to build plastic scale model kits, mine is: Sprue cutters – removing items off the sprue. Finer plastic cutters – trimming off excess. Scalpel handles or hobby knife – trimming and removing mold lines, cutting decals. I prefer scalpel handles and have: Numbers 3, 4, 5, 7 and a long scalpel handle that takes N◦.20/22/24 blades. But I use mostly the size 10 blades that have a sharp point. I have medical sharps boxes for the disposal of blades. Dissecting Forceps – plain dissecting forceps, I use a variety suited to handling models and decals, such as: Atraumatic – thumb style used for grasping delicate tissue. Adson – serrated jaws with wide, flat thumb grasp area used for delicate tissue. Artery clip – used to apply and remove scalpel blades from knife handles. I use a variety, but mostly: De Bakey Forceps. Dunhill Artery Forceps. Mosquito Artery Forceps. Various pliers –non-aggressive. Scissors – straight and curved, plus special scissors for decals. Toothbrushes – fine, medium, and hard. Marking pens – various. Alligator clips placed on barbecue skewers for airbrushing. Sanding sticks – various grades. Paint - as mentioned in the paint section, water-based acrylic paint is the most commonly used to spray plastic models. Paintbrushes - sizes of models vary greatly if you are interested in Warhammer 28mm figures or painting busts a good selection of paintbrushes is vital. They range in size, from 000 up. Specialised Equipment Among my tools, I have some specialised equipment that makes life a lot easier, such as my: Vortex Mixer – I have used this to mix my paint for many years and it is fantastic and a godsend (as I have arthritis in most of my joints), I have just ordered a replacement as it eventually failed, not surprising really considering the amount of use it gets. Food Dehydrator – I have one that heats to 80°C but tend to run it at 70°C, it has 10 shelves and a fantastic piece of equipment, large enough to get a 1:32 tank fully built easily. If you decide to get one make sure it is large enough, the smaller plastic dehydrators will not take anything big. We also use it to dry fruit, meat, and flowers. You must let the sprayed models dry to touch (about 20 minutes) before putting them in the dehydrator. But the dehydrator will cure primer, varnish, and laquear paint in 4 hours that would normally take between 2 to 3 weeks. And when using acrylic, I have completely sprayed a tank and weathered and built it in a day. Mine is ECO friendly and uses minimal electricity, it came with 10 stainless steel and 4 plastic trays. Additional Air Compressor Tank – my air compressor has a 2.5L tank, which is fine, but I purchased an additional 5L air compressor tank just to keep the noise levels down when videoing in my workshop. Nova3D Printer – I use this to print replacements for damaged model parts or when designing terrain for my dioramas. Colour Laser Printer – I rarely use decals from the manufacturers who make the model kits as I find them of poor quality, so, I either airbrush the design directly onto the model or scan it onto my computer, edit it (if required) and then print them.
- 555 Timer | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
555 Timer Ο χρονοδιακόπτης 555 είναι ένα ολοκληρωμένο κύκλωμα (τσιπ) που χρησιμοποιείται σε μια σειρά λειτουργιών χρονοδιακόπτη, καθυστέρησης, παραγωγής παλμών και ταλαντωτών. Είναι ένα χρήσιμο συστατικό στις κατασκευές μοντέλων και στις διαμορφώσεις φωτισμού. Είναι ένα κύκλωμα χρονισμού που δίνει ακριβείς και εξαιρετικά σταθερές καθυστερήσεις χρόνου ή ταλάντωσης. Αυτοί οι τύποι ολοκληρωμένων κυκλωμάτων είναι φθηνοί και αξιόπιστοι σε σύγκριση με τις εφαρμογές OP-Amp στις ίδιες περιοχές. 555 Τα χρονόμετρα χρησιμοποιούνται ως αξιόπιστοι και μονοσταθεροί πολλαπλοί δονητές σε ψηφιακούς λογικούς ανιχνευτές, μετατροπείς DC-DC, ταχύμετρο, αναλογικούς μετρητές συχνότητας, ρυθμιστές τάσης, ελεγχόμενες θερμοκρασίες και συσκευές μέτρησης. Το IC SE555 μπορεί να χρησιμοποιηθεί σε θερμοκρασίες που κυμαίνονται από - 55 ° C έως 125 ° C, ενώ το IC NE555 μπορεί να χρησιμοποιηθεί σε θερμοκρασίες από 0 ° έως 70 ° C. Ένας μονοσταθερός πολυ-δονητής είναι ένα ηλεκτρονικό κύκλωμα διαδοχικής λογικής που παράγει έναν παλμό εξόδου. Όταν ενεργοποιείται, παράγεται ένας παλμός προκαθορισμένης διάρκειας. Στη συνέχεια, το κύκλωμα επιστρέφει στη σταθερή του κατάσταση και δεν παράγει πλέον έξοδο έως ότου ενεργοποιηθεί ξανά.
- HDD | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Hard Drives (HDD) A hard disk drive (HDD) is a storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information (data) HDD retains their data even when powered off, unlike memory RAMs. There are three types of hard drives: SATA , SSD, and NVMe . In 2003, SATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment) was introduced as the default interface for most desktop and laptop hard drives and referred to as SATA hard drives, but they are rotary hard drives with spinning platters coated with a magnetic material, with a moving needle that writes data to consecutive sectors on each platter. Most computer HDDs are fitted into an internal drive bay in the computer and connect to the motherboard using a SATA cable. HDDs can also be used as external devices these are reasonable as backup drives reducing the risk of data loss if the HDD fails. The two most common form factors for modern HDDs are 3.5-inch for desktop computers and 2.5-inch for laptops. A single drive can range from 80 GB to 16 TB and are reliable drives if you need a lot of cheap storage and do not need extremely high reads or writes. Since data is physically written to a disk, deleted, and re-written numerous times, it can become fragmented, meaning that different sectors can be spread across different areas of the disk, thereby slowing down the drive. HDDs also are vulnerable to shock or sudden movement since there are moving parts in each drive, which makes them a poor choice for laptops. Pros: Low cost. High disk sizes. Cons: Not good for laptops. Requires regular de-fragmentation. SSD stands for Solid State Drive , SSDs do not have moving parts. Instead, the data is stored on non-volatile flash memory. So, there is no needle that must move to read or write data, and this makes them significantly faster than SATA drives. It is difficult to define exact speeds because it varies by manufacturer and form factor, but the lower-performing drives are comparable to SATA drives. The disadvantage is that they are significantly more expensive and do not come in as many sizes. SSD drives generally range from about 80GB to 2 TB. Since there are no moving parts, these drives are also more durable, and there are form factors built specifically for laptops, making them ideal for storage on the go. But they are still prone to failure. Pros: Fast More durable, especially for laptops Cons: More expensive than SATA drives Lower disk sizes Non-Volatile Memory Express, or NVMe Released in 2013, is a type of SSD that is attached to a motherboard fitted with a PCI Express (PCIe) slot. Incredibly fast, PCIe slots were originally designed for graphics cards. Speeds on NVMe drives can reach an interface rate of 32 Gb/s with a throughput of 3.9 GB/s, useful if gaming or high-resolution video editing. Most older BIOS do not support booting from NVMe, so installing an Operating System on an NVMe, a motherboard upgrade may be required. Having worked for a major IT company and saw the distress on customers' faces when their HDDs failed and they lost their data, I always recommend the Cloud Storage option for important data or photographs. Data recovery on failed drives is awfully expensive and not guaranteed. Protect your data, if you scrap an old computer DO NOT throw away your HDDs as they can be connected to your new computer using a USB adapter. Also, the important data stored on them can be retrieved by a second or third party, meaning they could have access to ALL your personal information, including passwords and bank details, so BEWARE! Dealing with HDD Error messages and issues